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 Democracy
 
Rajasthan: A brief profile and candidates
Liberty Institute, India Saturday, November 30, 2013

Nitu Maurya
Voters in Rajasthan will choose their representatives to the state assembly in the election to be held on Dec 1, 2013. Here is a summary analysis of the parties and candidates by Nitu Maurya. For more information, please visit www.EmpoweringIndia.org

Since the early 1990s, Rajasthan has turned in to a stable two party state, with the ruling party not getting reelected for two successive terms. Will history repeat itself in 2013? Last time in 2008, the difference in vote percentage between INC and BJP was just 2.5%, across the state. Which means that if just 3 out every 100 people change their mind, the result may change quite decisively. The strength of both the parties are also reflected in the fact that between 2003 and 2008 assembly elections, BJP had retained 31 seats, and the INC 21.

Candidates 2013: There are 2087 candidates contesting the Rajasthan Assembly election 2013 for 200 seats. Among 2087 total candidates, 199 candidates are belonging to BJP, 190 candidates belonging to BSP, 199 candidates belonging to INC, 37 candidates belonging to CPM and 11 candidates belonging to IND.

Votes Polled: In 2008 Assembly election, Mahendra Jeet Singh (INC) from Bagidora constituency won the election with largest vote margin (44,689). On the other hand, Kalyan Singh Chounhan (BJP) from Nathdwara constituency won the election with lowest vote margin (1).
In 2003 Assembly election, Jeewaram Choudhary (BJP) from Sanchore consutitency won the election with largest vote margin (44,595). On the other hand, Suresh Meena (BSP) from Karauli constituency won the election with lowest vote margin (155).

In 2003 and 2008 assembly elections in Rajasthan, 55 constituencies, reelected representatives of the same party. BJP had retained 31 out of 55 constituencies, INC had kept their hold on 21 constituencies and 1 constituency had kept by CPI (M), JD (U) and IND respectively (See Table 4).

Table: 1 The Tally in 2008 Assembly election

Party

Total Candidates 2194

Vote Share (Turn Out 66%)

Total seats 200

BJP

193

34.27%

78

INC

200

36.82%

96

BSP

199

7.60%

6

Other parties

579

6.35%

6

IND

1023

14.96%

14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: www.empoweringIndia.org

Average assets of candidates: In Rajasthan Assembly election 2013, the average asset per candidate for BJP (199 candidates) is Rs.4.36 Crores, for INC (199 candidates) is Rs.4.79 Crores, for BSP (190 candidates) is Rs.93.43 Lakhs and for NPEPT (2 candidates) is Rs.2.13 Crores.

In 2008, Average Asset per candidate (2194 candidates) in Rajasthan Assembly Elections was Rs. 72.67 lakhs. Among major parties, the average asset per candidate of INC was Rs 2.19 Crores, for BJP it was Rs 1.91 crores, for BSP it was Rs 87.24 Lakhs (199 candidates), and for NCP it was Rs 38.57 lakhs.

Table:2 Increase in Average Asset of candidates in 2008 to 2013 Assembly Election

Party

Number of Candidates, 2008

Average Assets, 2008

Number of Candidates, 2013

Average Assets, 2013

Average% Increase in Asset

INC

200

2,19,12,588

199

4,79,04,770

119

BJP

193

1,90,65,519

199

4,36,69,413

129

BSP

199

87,24,216

190

93,43,007

7

Source: www.empoweringIndia.org

Average Asset per MLA in 2008 Rajasthan Assembly was Rs. 2.06 crores. Among major parties, the average asset per MLA for INC was 2.02 crore, for BJP was 1.76 crore.

In 2013 election, 80 MLAs of INC and 69 MLAs of BJP re-contesting in Rajasthan. Average increase in the assets of 80 re-contesting MLAs of INC between 2008 (2.13 crore) to 2013 (5.07 crore) election is 137% and 139% increase in average asstes of 69 re-contesting MLAs of BJP between 2008 (1.79 crore) to 2013 (4.29 crore).

Table: 3 Increase in Average Asset of re-contesting MLAs

Party

Number of re-contesting MLAs

Average Assets 2008

Average Assets in 2013

Average% Increase in Asset

INC

80

2,13,70,329

5,07,36,290

137%

BJP

69

1,79,20,850

4,29,01,581

139%

 Source: www.empoweringIndia.org

Candidates not declared PAN details: In Rajasthan Assembly election 2013, 9 out of 199 (5%) candidates of BJP, 11 out of 199 (6%) candidates of INC, 44 out of 190 (23%) candidates of BSP,  19 out of 56 (34%) candidates of SP and 18 out of 37 (49%) candidates of CPM have not declared their PAN details.

In 2008, 1268 out of 2194 (58%) candidates had not declared their PAN details in the Rajasthan Elections. Among parties, 50 (26%) candidates of BJP, 42 (21%) candidates of INC, 95 (48%) candidates of BSP and 43 (72%) candidates of SP had not declared their PAN details.

Among the MLAs in 2008, 45 out of 200 (23%) MLAs had not declared their PAN details in Rajasthan Assembly. Among parties, 16 (21%) MLAs of BJP, 19 (20%) MLAs of INC, 5  (36%) Independent (IND) MLAs, and 1 MLAs of JD (U) and SP respectively had not declared their PAN details.

Candidates with Criminal Cases:  In Rajasthan Assembly election 2013, 28 (14%) candidates of INC, 31 (16%) candidates of BJP, 26 (14%) candidates from BSP, and 15 (41%) candidates of CPM have acknowledged criminal cases in their nomination affidavits.
In the 2008 Assembly Elections, INC had 28 (14 %), BJP had 18 (10 %), BSP had 31 (16 %), SP had 7 (12 %), and CPM had 17 (53 %) candidates acknowledged criminal cases.

Among the MLAs, 30 out of 200 (15%) had acknowledged criminal cases. Among parties, 15 (16%) MLAs of INC, 5 (6%) MLAs of BJP, 3 (50%) MLAs of BSP and 1 (33%) MLA of CPM had acknowledged criminal cases.

Graduate Candidates: In Rajasthan Assembly election 2013, 44 (22%) candidates of BJP, 41 (21%) candidates of INC, 27 (14%) candidates of BSP and 8 (22%) candidates of CPM are graduates.

In the Rajasthan 2008 Assembly Elections, 310 out of 2194 (14%) candidates were graduate. Among parties, 36 (19%) candidates of BJP, 37 (19%) candidates of INC, 34 (17%) candidates of BSP, 6 (16%) candidates of CPM and 136 Independent candidates were graduates.

Among the MLAs, 36 out of 200 (18%) MLAs were graduate in the Rajasthan Assembly in 2008. Among parties, 13 (17%) MLAs of BJP, 20 (21%) MLAs of INC and 2 Independent MLAs were graduates.

Young Candidates (35 years and below): In the Rajasthan 2013 election, 12 (6%) candidates of BJP, 9 (5%) candidates of INC, 39 (21%) candidates of BSP, 7 (19%) candidates of CPM, 16 (29%) candidates of SP and 6 (55%) Independent candidates are young.

In the 2008 election, 298 out of 2194 (14%) candidates were young. Among the major parties, 8 (4%) candidates of BJP, 14 (7%) candidates of INC, 36 (18%) candidates of BSP and 139 Independent candidates were young. Among the MLAs in 2008, 33 out of 200 (17%) MLAs were young in the Rajasthan 2008 Assembly Elections.

Contesting Women: In Rajasthan Assembly election 2013, 26 (13%) candidates of BJP, 23 (12%) candidates of INC, and 9 (5%) candidates of BSP are women.

In the Rajasthan 2008 Assembly Elections, 111 out 2194 (5%) candidates were women. Among the parties, 29 (15%) candidates of BJP, 21 (11%) candidates of INC, and 33 Independent candidates were women.

Among the winners of 2008 election, 28 out of 200 (14%) were women. Among the parties, 13 (17%) MLAs of BJP, 13 (14%) MLAs of INC and 2 (14%) Independent (IND) MLAs were women.

Nitu Maurya is a research fellow at Liberty Institute, New Delhi.

Party Abbreviations: INC - Indian National Congress, BJP - Bhartiya Janata Party, BSP - Bahujan Samaj Party, SP- Samajwadi Party, CPI (M) - Communist Party of India (Marxist), JD (U) - Janata Dal (United), IND - Independent


 
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www.InDefenceofLiberty.org | www.EmpoweringIndia.org | www.RighttoProperty.org

 

Table: 4

 

Rajasthan Assembly Elections 2003 and 2008

 

55 Constituencies retained by parties (BJP-31, INC-21, CPI (M)-1,IND-1, JD(U)-1)

 

Constituency

BJP

INC

IND

Constituency

BJP

INC

CPI (M)

Constituency

BJP

INC

JD(U)

Constituency

BJP

INC

Adarsh Nagar

 

 

 

Deedwana

 

 

 

Kolayat

 

 

 

Pushkar

 

X

Ahore

 

 

 

Deeg-Kumher

 

 

 

Kota North

 

 

 

Raisinghnagar

 

 

Ajmer North

X

 

 

Degana

 

 

 

Kota South

 

 

 

Rajakhera

 

 

Ajmer South

X

 

 

Deoli-Uniara

 

 

 

Kotputli

 

 

 

Rajgarh- Laxmangarh

 

 

Alwar Rural

 

X

 

Dhariawad

 

 

 

Kumbhalgarh

 

 

 

Rajsamand

X

 

Alwar Urban

 

 

 

Dhod

 

 

X

Kushalgarh

 

 

X

Ramganj Mandi

X

 

Amber

 

X

 

Dholpur

 

 

 

Lachhmangarh

 

 

 

Ramgarh

 

 

Anta

 

 

 

Dudu

 

 

 

Ladnun

 

 

 

Raniwara

 

 

Anupgarh

 

 

 

Dungargarh

 

X

 

Ladpura

X

 

 

Ratangarh

 

 

Asind

 

 

 

Dungarpur

 

X

 

Lalsot

 

 

 

Reodar

X

 

Aspur

 

X

 

Fatehpur

 

X

 

Lohawat

X

 

 

Sadulpur

 

 

Bagidora

 

 

 

Ganganagar

X

 

 

Luni

 

X

 

Sadulshahar

 

X

Bagru

 

 

 

Gangapur

 

 

 

Lunkaransar

 

X

 

Sagwara

 

 

Bali

X

 

 

Garhi

 

 

 

Mahuwa

 

 

 

Sahara

 

X

Bamanwas

 

 

 

Ghatol

 

 

 

Makrana

 

 

 

Salumber

 

 

Bandikui

 

 

 

Gogunda

 

X

 

Malpura

 

 

 

Sanchore

 

 

Bansur

 

 

 

Gudha Malani

 

X

 

Malviya Nagar

 

 

 

Sanganer

X

 

Banswara

 

 

 

Hanumangarh

 

X

 

Mandal

 

 

 

Sangaria

 

 

Baran Atru

 

 

 

Hawa Mahal

 

 

 

Mandalgarh

 

X

 

Sangod

 

 

Bari

 

 

 

Hindaun