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 Democracy
 
Mizoram: A Brief Profile of Parties and Candidates in 2013
Liberty Institute, India Saturday, November 23, 2013

Nitu Maurya
Election to the Mizoram assembly is scheduled to be held on Nov. 25, 2013. Here is a brief comparative analysis of the parties and their candidates. For more information, please visit www.EmpoweringIndia.org

Mizoram Assembly Election 2013
A Brief Profile of Parties and Candidates 

For more information, please visit www.EmpoweringIndia.org

There are about 140 candidates contesting the Mizoram Assembly election 2013 for 40 seats. There are 40 candidates belonging to INC, 17 candidates belonging to BJP, 38 candidates belonging to ZNP and 31 candidates belonging to MNF and 16 candidates belonging to different political parties.

In 2008 assembly election, there was 40 candidates belonging to INC, 32 of whom had won. None of the 9 candidates belonging to BJP, won. Just 2 out of the 17 candidates belonging to ZNP had won. Of the 39 candidates belonging to MNF only 3 made it to the assembly.

Average assets of candidates: In 2013 Assembly election, the average asset per candidate is Rs.2.31 Crores. Among parties, the average asset per candidate for INC (40 candidates) is Rs.2.52 Crores, for BJP (17 candidates) is Rs.10.05 Lakhs for ZNP (38 candidates) is Rs.3.13 Crores and for MNF (31 candidates) it is Rs.2.69 Crores.

In 2008 Assembly election, the average asset per candidate was Rs.81lakh. Among parties, the average asset per candidate for INC (40 candidates) was Rs.90 lakh, for BJP (9 candidates) was Rs.32 Lakhs for ZNP (17 candidates) was Rs. 52 lakh and for MNF (39 candidates) it was Rs.1.74 Crores.

Votes Polled: In 2008 Assembly election, Nirupam Chakma (INC) from Tuichawng constituency won the election with largest vote margin (3112). Conversely, K. Liantlinga (ZNP) from Aizawl South-I constituency won the election with lowest vote margin (28).

In 2003 Assembly election, H. Lalsangzuala (HPC) from Suangpuilawn constituency won the election with largest vote margin (1843). Conversely, Andrew Lalherliana (ZNP) from Khawzawl constituency won the election with lowest vote margin (20).

10 constituencies of Mizoram namely Aizawl North II, Kawrthah, Khawhai, Lokicherra, Lungpho, Saiha, Saitual, Serchhip, Tlabung, Tlungve did not change their parties in both 2003 and 2008 Assembly election.  9 out of 10 constituencies (Aizawl North II, Kawrthah, Khawhai, Lungpho, Saiha, Saitual, Serchhip, Tlabung, Tlungve) belonging to INC party and 1 constituency (Lokicherra) belonging MNF.

Candidates not declared PAN details: In 2013 Assembly election, 111 (78%) out of 142 candidates have not declared their PAN details. Among parties, 27 out of 40 candidates (68%) of INC, 24 out of 31 candidates (77%) of MNF, 33 out of 38 candidates (87%) ZNP have not declared their PAN details. None of the 17 BJP candidates have declared their PAN details.

In 2008 Assembly election, 201 (98%) out of 206 candidates had not declared their PAN details. Among parties, 8 out of 9 candidates of BJP had not declared their PAN details. None of INC, MNF and ZNP candidates declared their PAN details.

Candidates with Criminal Cases: In 2013 Assembly election, only 3 candidates (2%) out of 142 have acknowledged criminal cases. 1 candidate belonging to ZNP and 2 belonging to MNF.

In 2008 Assembly election, 4 out of 206 candidates (2%) had acknowledged criminal cases. 2 candidates belonging to INC and 1 candidate belonging to MNF and ZNP each.

Graduate Candidates: A total of 52 (37%) candidates out of 142 analyzed are graduates in Mizoram 2013 Assembly election. Among parties, 4 out of 17 (24%) candidates of BJP, 18 out of 40 (45%) candidates of INC, 12 out of 31 (39%) candidates of MNF and 14 out of 38 (37%) candidates of ZNP are graduate.

In 2008 Assembly election, 60 out of 206 (29%) candidates were graduate. Among parties, 16 out of 40 (40%) candidates of INC, 1 out of 9 (11%) candidates of BJP, 8 out of 39 (21%) candidates of MNP, 7 out of 17 (41%) candidates of ZNP were graduate.

Young Candidates (35 years and below): 8 out of 142 (6%) candidates are young in 2013 Assembly election. Among parties, 1 out 40 (3%) candidate of INC, 4 out of 17 (24%) candidates of BJP and 1 out of 31 (3%) candidates of MNF are young.

In 2008 Assembly election, 29 out of 206 (14%) candidates were young. Among parties, 1 out of 9 (11%) candidate of BJP, 2 out of 39 (5%) candidates of MNF and 3 out of 17 (18%) candidates were young.

Contesting Women:  Out of 142 candidates analyzed, only 6 (4%) women are contesting in the Mizoram 2013 Assembly Elections. Among parties, INC and MNF have fielded 1 woman candidate each while 3 women are contesting under BJP ticket.

In 2008 Assembly election, 9 out of 206 (4%) women were contested. Among parties, 1 belonging on INC, MNF and ZNP each, 2 belonging to BJP.

Party Abbreviations:  BJP - Bhartiya Janata Party, INC - Indian National Congress, MNF - Mizo National Front, ZNP - Zoram Nationalist Party

This article was published in the Liberty Institute on Saturday, November 23, 2013.
Author : Ms Maurya is a research fellow at Liberty Institute, New Delhi.
Tags- Find more articles on - Mizoram assembly election | Mizoram vidhan sabha | Mizorm election

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